Cervical cancer is a cancer that appears in the cervix due to abnormal cell changes in the cervix, of which 99% are caused by the HPV virus.
There are more than 100 types of HPV, some are malignant or can cause cancer, such as pubic lip cancer and cervical cancer. There are also those that are not malignant, generally causing genital warts.
Cervical cancer is mostly caused by HPV types 16 and 18.
Who is at risk for cervical cancer?
HPV infection can occur to anyone regardless of age. Many people who are exposed to the HPV virus in their body do not feel any signs or symptoms, so they can transmit the virus without realizing it.
Not all women infected with HPV will suffer from cervical cancer. A good immune system can clear HPV infection. However, research shows that it turns out that only 50% of women who have immunity to HPV and that immunity cannot protect against recurrent infections, so they can develop cancer within a few years.
Apart from the presence of HPV, other factors such as lifestyle also play an important role in the development of cervical cancer.
Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer
In the early stages of cervical cancer, generally there are no signs or symptoms that appear. This is why women are advised to routinely undergo pap smears to detect early if there are problems with the cervix such as pre-cancerous lesions.
Symptoms of cervical cancer that are more clearly seen will appear or feel if the cancer cells have spread to the inside of the cervical tissue. These symptoms appear when the pre-cancerous cells are left and left untreated so that they develop into malignant cervical cancer.
Some symptoms of cervical cancer include:
1. Bleeding from the vagina
Bleeding that occurs outside our normal menstrual cycle is one symptom of cervical cancer. For example, blood suddenly comes out of the vagina even though you are not menstruating. Or excessive pain and blood out after sexual intercourse. Bleeding that occurs after you menopause can also be a sign of cervical cancer.
Blood discharge from the vagina is usually the first sign that is recognized in cervical cancer, but tends not to be taken too seriously and is only thought to be flecked by most women.
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