Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a vaginal infection caused by bacteria. Usually, in the vagina there is a colony of “good” bacteria and “bad” bacteria. Good bacteria in charge of regulating the ecosystem in the vagina while controlling the growth of bad bacteria. In someone who has bacterial vaginosis, the balance between the two bacteria is disturbed. In the vagina there are not enough good bacteria and too many bad bacteria.
Experts do not know exactly what causes this imbalance in bacterial populations. However, there are several things that are thought to increase your risk of bacterial vaginosis:
Having more than one sexual partner, or having a new sexual partner – BV is more commonly found in sexually active women. However, those of you who are still unable to contract this condition.
- Doing vaginal douche (cleaning the vagina with a kind of spray tool).
- Active smoking.
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