Ovarian cyst: What is it? What are its causes and Contributing factors?

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Cysts, small abnormal sizes containing liquid, sometimes develop at the level of an ovary. They are either functional and transient, influenced by hormonal secretions of the menstrual cycle, or organic. Ovarian cysts are mostly benign.

What is an ovarian cyst?
An ovarian cyst is fluid-containing swelling. It develops on one of the two ovaries, located at the end of the fallopian tubes, themselves connected to the uterus.

Ovarian cyst is most often benign, but its presence at this location is abnormal.

It is:

  • Functional and spontaneously regresses in 90% of cases,
  • or organic and does not regress.

5 to 7% of women develop an ovarian cyst in their lives.