Colon Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

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Colon Cancer or Colorectal Cancer begins when a cancerous tumor grows in the lining of the colon, which is a part of large-intestine of a human body. This cancerous tumor can spread to other parts of the body. This article will tell you about symptoms, causes, and treatments of Colon Cancer.

What Is Colon Cancer?

When we eat food, the food is digested in the mouth and small intestine and undigested food enters the large intestine. Colon or large-intestine of a human body stores waste. The length of the human colon is about 6 feet. Colon Cancer is the growth of malignant (cancerous) tumor in the colon.

Colon Cancer Facts:

  • According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 23 women and 1 man out of 21 men in U.S.A develop Colon Cancer.
  • About 135,000 cases of Colon Cancer were diagnosed in 2017 in the U.S.

Stages of Colon Cancer:

Staging describes the signs and symptoms of Colon Cancer and how much it spreads. In order to find out the colon cancer stages, doctors apply diagnostic tests. With the end of tests, staging is complete.

Stage 0: The cancer cells are in the inner lining or in the mucosa of the colon.

Stage I: The cancer cells spread to the inner layer of the colon.

Stage II: In this stage, the cancer cells have spread beyond mucosa and submucosa of the colon. This stage can be divided into stage IIA, IIB and IIC.

Stage IIA: Cancer has spread to the wall of the colon and has not grown through the nearby lymph nodes.

Signs & Symptoms: Blood in stool, constipation and diarrhea, and bowel inconsistency.

Stage IIB: Cancer has spread to the visceral peritoneum and has not grown through the nearby lymph nodes.

Signs & Symptoms: Blood in stool, constipation and diarrhea, narrowing of stool and bowel inconsistency.

Stage IIC: Cancer has grown through the wall of the colon and nearby structures, but not to the nearby lymph nodes.

Signs & Symptoms: Blood in stool, constipation and diarrhea, narrowing of stool and bowel inconsistency.

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