A Mortal Enemy of Your Liver, It’s Not Alcohol

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It was initially discovered in 1862, but choline was officially recognized as an essential nutrient for human health by the Institute of Medicine in 1998.

This nutrient has numerous roles, including:

  • Nervous system health, as it is vital for the creation of  acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in healthy muscle, heart and memory performance
  • Healthy fetal development, since it is required for a healthy vision, brain development, and proper neural tube closure, and its deficiency increases the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia
  • Healthy mitochondrial function
  • Helping DNA synthesis
  • Cell messaging, as it  produces cell-messaging compounds
  • Fat transport and metabolism, as it is required for the transfer of  cholesterol from the liver
  • Methylation reactions
  • The synthesis of phospholipids, the most common of which is lecithin, which constitutes 40-50 percent of the cellular membranes and 70 — 95 percent of the phospholipids in lipoproteins and bile